Association of Blood Groups with Corona virus Disease (COVID-19)

COVId 19 and Blood group

  • Shireen Jawed Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, Aziz Fatimah Medical and Dental College Faisalabad.
  • Benash Altaf Assistant Professor, Department of Physiolog, Aziz Fatimah Medical and Dental College Faisalabad.
  • Hania Ali Senior Demonstrator, Department of Physiology, Aziz Fatimah Medical and Dental College Faisalabad.
  • Hira Zahid Senior Demonstrator, Department of Physiology, Aziz Fatimah Medical and Dental College Faisalabad.
  • Anam Rehman Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Aziz Fatimah Medical and Dental College Faisalabad.
Keywords: Blood Group antigens, COVID-19, Fever

Abstract

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Coronavirus (covid-19) disease emerged acutely and suddenly, becoming a nightmare as it affected every country drastically. This disease engulfed the physical, mental as well as social lives of the individuals. The objective was to determine which blood group has a higher tendency to contract COVID-19 infection and to evaluate common presenting symptoms.

METHODOLOGY: This cross-sectional study was performed from August to September 2020 at Aziz Fatima Medical and Dental College, Faisalabad. A structured questionnaire was formed on a Google form. It was then conveyed through sharing link by WhatsApp among the COVID positive patients. Data was compiled and analyzed by SPSS 22.

RESULTS: Our study comprised 415 subjects of age 20-50 years who got COVID-19 infection. Out of which 162(39%) comprise the male population and 253(61%) constituting of female population. Subjects of the age group of 20 to 30 years were most frequently infected with COVID-19. Our results reveal that COVID-19 was more among blood group B followed by O, AB & A. The most frequent symptom from which the subjects suffered was fever 305(73.4%) followed by smell and taste alteration comprising 180(43.3%), 154(37%) subjects suffered from sore throat. GIT symptoms were reported by 50(12.0%) while only 102(13%) remained asymptomatic.

CONCLUSION: We conclude that COVID-19 was more prevalent among blood group B followed by O, AB, A, and the Rh-positive group. The most frequent symptom in our study was fever, followed by loss of taste and smell sensation.

 

Published
2022-11-11
How to Cite
Shireen Jawed, , B. A., Hania Ali, Hira Zahid, & Anam Rehman. (2022). Association of Blood Groups with Corona virus Disease (COVID-19). Journal of University Medical & Dental College, 13(4), 483-488. https://doi.org/10.37723/jumdc.v13i4.739
Section
Original Article