Understanding the modern sociology of blood donation, a retrospective study of voluntary blood donors belonging to district Attock Punjab, Pakistan

Sociodemographic factors associated with insufficient blood donation in Punjab, Pakistan

  • Naeem Bukhari Lecturer, Department of Medical Lab Technology, The University of Haripur, KPK, Pakistan.
  • Nadeem Sharif Laboratory Technologist, District Headquarter Hospital Attock, Punjab Pakistan.
  • Aaqib Ali Senior Instructor, Family Medicine, The Indus Hospital and Health Network, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Abdul Majid Associate Professor, Department of Pathology, Isra university Hyderabad, Pakistan
  • Wali Ur Rehman Lecturer, Department of Medical Lab Technology, The University of Haripur, KPK, Pakistan.
  • Inam-u-llah Lecturer, Department of food science and technology, University of Haripur, Pakistan, KPK, Pakistan.
Keywords: Blood Donation, Blood grouping, Blood Transfusion-associated adverse reactions

Abstract

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: There is a huge difference in blood donation and blood transfusion demand in developing countries like Pakistan. However, the annual blood transfusion demand in Pakistan has increased up to 1.5 million bags and the blood donation ratio is still less than one percent. Our study aims to assess the sociodemographic barriers related to blood donation in District Attock Punjab, Pakistan.     

METHODOLOGY: A retrospective study following a convenient sampling method was designed at the Centre for Human Genetics, Hazara University Mansehra, and conducted at District Head Quarter Hospital (DHQ) Attock, Punjab Pakistan. Sociodemographic data of the blood donors were recorded on pre-designed questionnaires and laboratory outcomes were noted after donor screening and blood group testing as well.  The standard protocols for donor screening and blood group testing were ensured by the kit method.

RESULTS: According to 680 voluntary blood donors from five adjacent areas of Attock, Punjab, Pakistan, Among healthy blood donors 547(91%) of blood donors have either type of Rh +Ve blood group and only54( 9%) have Rh -Ve blood group. A huge difference in gender-specific blood donors was recorded. The female blood donor ratio was recorded at only 1%, whereas 99% of blood donations were recorded from male donors. The mean age of donors was calculated as 28 ± 0.3 years. The highest number of blood donors 415(61%) were laborers p≤0.001 .

CONCLUSION: Sociodemographic factors, like the behavior of the blood donors, educational level, professional status, and awareness of blood donation criteria, greatly influence blood donations.

Published
2022-08-01
How to Cite
Naeem Bukhari, , N. S., Aaqib Ali, Abdul Majid, Wali Ur Rehman, & Inam-u-llah. (2022). Understanding the modern sociology of blood donation, a retrospective study of voluntary blood donors belonging to district Attock Punjab, Pakistan. Journal of University Medical & Dental College, 13(3), 417-421. https://doi.org/10.37723/jumdc.v13i3.584
Section
Original Article