PREVALENCE OF PHYSICAL DISABILITY IN SENIOR CITIZENS OF PUNJAB PROVINCE, PAKISTAN

PREVALENCE OF DISABILITIES IN OLDER POPULATION

  • Hamid Mehmood Student University Institute of Public Health, University of Lahore, Lahore.
  • Abdul Rauf Assistant Professor Department of Medicine, Al-Aleem Medical College, Lahore.
  • Muhammad Yaqoob Associate Professor University Institute of Public Health, University of Lahore, Lahore.
  • Saleem Rana Professor / Director University Institute of Public Health, University of Lahore, Lahore.
Keywords: Frail elderly, Disability evaluation, Risk factors, Prevalence, Aging

Abstract

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE:

World Health Organization (WHO) considers that Activities of Daily Living (ADL) is the most important indicator to measure physical and cognitive functions in senior citizens. It is important to know the prevalence of physical disability to find out the needs of senior citizens regarding physical, mental and emotional health. This study has provided us the prevalence rate of physical disability among the senior citizen in the five major cities of Punjab, Pakistan.

METHODOLOGY:

This descriptive study was conducted over a period of  six months June (06, 2019 to December 05, 2019). The sample was randomly selected. The respondent were senior citizen (Male/Female) having an age of above 60 years. Data were collected from the Index cases. Questionnaire and assessment scales were used as study scale and total sample size was 3675.

RESULTS:

The results of study showed that the activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) are related to age, sex, education, social and psychological factors. The facilities of education, job, entertainment, social activities vary from city to city. In all cities a p =0.05 was used. In addition, an Eo= 4.5 was set and the reliability to be used was 95%.

CONCLUSION:

It has been concluded that the physical disability in the senior citizens is increasing due to aging population.

Published
2020-11-23
How to Cite
Hamid Mehmood, Abdul Rauf, Yaqoob, M., & Saleem Rana. (2020). PREVALENCE OF PHYSICAL DISABILITY IN SENIOR CITIZENS OF PUNJAB PROVINCE, PAKISTAN. Journal of University Medical & Dental College, 11(4), 16-24. https://doi.org/10.37723/jumdc.v11i4.420
Section
Original Articles