FREQUENCY OF TWO ROOTS IN PERMANENT MANDIBULAR CANINE OF PAKISTANI POPULATION: A CONE BEAM COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY (CBCT) STUDY

REQUENCY OF TWO ROOTS IN MANDIBULAR CANINE

  • Nauman Bari Khan Assistant Professor, Department of Oral Biology, Army Medical College, National University of Medical Sciences, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.
  • Muhammad Azhar Demonstrator, Department of Oral Biology, Army Medical College, National University of Medical Sciences, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.
  • Nabeela Abbasi
  • Amir Mushtaq Baig
  • Benish Mehmood
  • Azad Ali Azad
Keywords: Cuspids, Root canals, Cone Beam Computerized Tomography (CBCT)

Abstract

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Missed root/canal is one of the main causes of endodontic failure. Permanent mandibular canine is considered to be a single rooted tooth. The complex pattern of root canal system poses difficulty in the root canal treatment and the prognosis becomes uncertain if the debridement and obturation of the root canals is not satisfactory therefore our objective of the study is to assess frequency of two roots in permanent mandibular canine of Pakistani population using CBCT scan.

METHODOLOGY: A descriptive; retrospective study was planned by using Cone Beam Computerized Tomography (CBCT) images of the past 02 year, i.e. December 2017 till November 2018. Images were assessed for the number of roots in permanent mandibular canines using software NNTVIEWER NewTOM. Data was entered and analyzed using SPSS 21.

 

RESULTS: 134 permanent mandibular canines of 67 patients were studied. 64.2% of the images were of male patients while 35.8% were of females. Mean age of the patients was 48.12 ± 15.92 years. 7 (5.22%) out of 134 canines had two roots. 4 patients (5.97%) had canines with 2 roots of which 3 patients (4.48%) had bilateral two-rooted canines and 1 patient (1.49%) had unilateral two-rooted canines. Frequency of two roots in mandibular canines had no association with gender (p= 0.127).

CONCLUSION: All mandibular permanent canines were single rooted but 5.2% of the permanent mandibular canines had two roots.

 

Published
2021-02-22
How to Cite
Nauman Bari Khan, Muhammad Azhar, Nabeela Abbasi, Baig, A. M., Benish Mehmood, & Azad Ali Azad. (2021). FREQUENCY OF TWO ROOTS IN PERMANENT MANDIBULAR CANINE OF PAKISTANI POPULATION: A CONE BEAM COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY (CBCT) STUDY. Journal of University Medical & Dental College, 12(1), 71-75. https://doi.org/10.37723/jumdc.v12i1.483
Section
Opinion Article