Clinopathological assessment of epulis lesions from Sindh Pakistan

Histopathological evaluation of epulis and its types

  • Arhama Surwaich Assistant Professor, Department of Oral Pathology, Bhitai Medical College and Dental College Mirpurkhas.
  • Surwaich Ali Channa Assistant Professor, Department of Oral Pathology, Bibi Aseefa Dental College Larkana (SMBBMU) .
  • Waqas Iqbal Associate Professor, Department of Oral Pathology, Isra Dental College, Isra University Hyderabad.
  • Abdul Majid Associate Professor, Department of Pathology, Isra University Hyderabad.
  • Arsalan Ahmed Assistant Professor, Department of Periodontics, Avicenna Medical and Dental college lahore.
  • Fida Baloch Associate Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Bhitai Dental and Medical College, Mirpurkhas.
  • Naeem Bukhari Research Scholar, Centre for Human Genetics, Hazara University, Mansehra Pakistan.
Keywords: Gingival disease, Pathology, Biopsy, Granuloma, Pyogenic

Abstract

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES:  Gingival enlargement is a common characteristic of gums infection.  Enlargement of the gums can possibly occur due to numerous factors, comprising of inflammatory disorders as well as certain meditational side effects. Pyogenic granuloma expresses as red, small erythematous papules on pedunculated or rather sessile base. The current study aims to evaluate the cases of epulis and to grade histological types of epulis. METHODOLOGY: This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out at oral surgery OPD ISRA Dental College for a six-month duration. The diagnosis of epulis was made on the basis of clinical and histological examination. The research data was recorded on pre-designed proforma, and data were analyzed using SPSS version 22.0 (IBM, Corporation).  RESULTS:  Out of 150 study subjects, 90 (60%) patients were female, while 60 (40%) were male. Majority of the cases in our study were found with a maxillary site (n=93, 62.0%). Most had a size of 2cm-3cm (n=132, 76%). Coral Pink color was the most common in (n=90, 60%) patients, followed by red color (n=45, 30%) and pale color was found in (n=15,10%) of the cases. The histological findings proved pyogenic granuloma was most common in (n=75, 50%) of the cases followed by fibrous epulis (n=63, 42%), peripheral giant cell granuloma (n=6, 4%) and Peripheral ossifying fibroma (n=6, 4%).  CONCLUSION: Pyogenic granulomas are the most prevalent reactive lesion. The lesions were more common in females in maxilla portion, and they were mostly found in the second to third decade of life. 
Published
2021-10-22
How to Cite
Surwaich , A., Channa, S. A., Iqbal, W., Majid , A., Ahmed , A., Fida Baloch, & Naeem Bukhari. (2021). Clinopathological assessment of epulis lesions from Sindh Pakistan. Journal of University Medical & Dental College, 12(4), 262-265. https://doi.org/10.37723/jumdc.v12i4.574
Section
Original Article